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IDProjectCategoryView StatusDate SubmittedLast Update
0003601Site[All Projects] Documentationpublic2019-02-07 13:402019-02-12 13:47
Assigned ToBlzut3 
PlatformOSDebian GNU/LinuxOS Version
Summary0003601: suggests using deprecated "apt-key add" command
Quote from apt-key(8)
Note: Instead of using this command a keyring should be placed directly in the /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/ directory with a descriptive name and either "gpg" or "asc" as file extension.
Steps To Reproduce
Quote from
To use, use the following command or add the "deb ..." line to your /etc/apt/sources.list:

$ wget -O- [^] | sudo apt-key add -
$ sudo apt-add-repository 'deb [^] stable multiverse'
Additional Information [^]
Attached Files

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-  Notes
User avatar (0020339)
WubTheCaptain (reporter)
2019-02-07 13:44
edited on: 2019-02-07 13:45

I suggest the following syntax to fix this issue:

wget -qO - [^] |
    sudo tee /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/drdteam.gpg |
    gpg -q -n --import --import-options import-show -

This will also dry-run GnuPG quietly to display the fingerprint for apt-secure(8) infrastructure. This requires GnuPG version 2.1.14 or later. No transitional package (gnupg2) is required in Debian, since Debian 9 (stretch).

(I didn't include HTTPS scheme here, as the original syntax doesn't either and apt can do fine securely with HTTP given apt-secure(8) precautions.)

User avatar (0020344)
WubTheCaptain (reporter)
2019-02-07 15:25
edited on: 2019-02-07 16:43

By the way: GPG keyboxes are unsupported by apt(8) at this time. This means the following two variations of GPG commands are incompatible (and probably overengineered):

wget -qO - [^] |
    sudo gpg -q --import --import-options import-show --primary-keyring \
    /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/drdteam.gpg -

wget -qO - [^] |
    sudo gpg -q --import --import-options import-show --no-default-keyring \
    --keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/drdteam.gpg -

The warning would be:

W: The key(s) in the keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/drdteam.gpg are ignored as the file has an unsupported filetype.

User avatar (0020350)
WubTheCaptain (reporter)
2019-02-07 16:59

Should 0003610 be fixed as I expect it to be, the command should become:

wget -qO - [^] |
    sudo tee /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/drdteam.asc |
    gpg -q -n --import --import-options import-show -

If not, then the right choice (as a workaround) would be:

wget -qO - [^] |
    sudo tee /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/drdteam.asc |
    gpg -q -n --import --import-options import-show -
User avatar (0020357)
Blzut3 (administrator)
2019-02-10 07:39

Is the gpg import line actually needed? Experimenting with a docker container it seems that just adding the key to trusted.gpg.d is enough?
User avatar (0020361)
WubTheCaptain (reporter)
2019-02-11 14:26

Quote from Blzut3
Is the gpg import line actually needed?

TL;DR: I think so?

In an unlikely event the server would be compromised by a third-party, displaying the fingerprints and verifying them against some chain of trust (OpenPGP signatures or documentation in Doomseeker, for example), the GPG dry-run import line may mitigate the effectiveness of such attack. apt-key add also wouldn't display the fingerprint.

The man page says:

Quote from apt-key(8)
It is critical that keys added manually via apt-key are verified to belong to the owner of the repositories they claim to be for otherwise the apt-secure(8) infrastructure is completely undermined.

In an unlikely event the HTTPS website is also unavailable or blocked at a site, the same principle of key fingerprint verification would also apply to connections over insecure HTTP.

I believe it's better than blindly trusting the key. https:// may provide some additional security (0003606), on the assumption the webserver/HTTP(s) proxy is configured securely.
User avatar (0020383)
WubTheCaptain (reporter)
2019-02-11 22:45

I'm probably going to actually end up submitting a package to Debian soon, called drdteam-archive-keyring.

Debian's soft freeze is tomorrow, so this won't make it to the next stable release however. It will be available from testing and unstable initially, maybe later backported to stretch-backports if feasible.
User avatar (0020384)
WubTheCaptain (reporter)
2019-02-12 00:05

Additionally, I'd like the drdteam-archive-keyring to prompt for a question "do you want to install drdteam.list to /etc/apt/sources.list.d?" with debconf. I'll do that, for convenience.
User avatar (0020385)
WubTheCaptain (reporter)
2019-02-12 13:47

By the way, ignore my suggestions too: Keys added to /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d are valid signing keys for all repositories, including the main ones from your operating system. Yikes!

Fortunately, there is /usr/share/keyrings. I'll hope to set that up soon.

(oops, meant to post this yesterday)

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- Issue History
Date Modified Username Field Change
2019-02-07 13:40 WubTheCaptain New Issue
2019-02-07 13:44 WubTheCaptain Note Added: 0020339
2019-02-07 13:45 WubTheCaptain Note Edited: 0020339 View Revisions
2019-02-07 15:25 WubTheCaptain Note Added: 0020344
2019-02-07 16:43 WubTheCaptain Note Edited: 0020344 View Revisions
2019-02-07 16:59 WubTheCaptain Note Added: 0020350
2019-02-10 07:39 Blzut3 Note Added: 0020357
2019-02-10 07:39 Blzut3 Assigned To => Blzut3
2019-02-10 07:39 Blzut3 Status new => feedback
2019-02-11 14:26 WubTheCaptain Note Added: 0020361
2019-02-11 14:26 WubTheCaptain Status feedback => assigned
2019-02-11 22:45 WubTheCaptain Note Added: 0020383
2019-02-12 00:05 WubTheCaptain Note Added: 0020384
2019-02-12 13:47 WubTheCaptain Note Added: 0020385

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